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{{CourseHeader | {{CourseHeader | ||

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| title = Introduction to Computational Intelligence | | title = Introduction to Computational Intelligence | ||

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The course objectives are to make the students familiar with basic principles of various computational methods of data processing that can commonly be called computational intelligence (CI). This includes mainly bottom-up approaches to solutions of (hard) problems based on various heuristics (soft computing), rather than exact approaches of traditional artificial intelligence based on logic (hard computing). Examples of CI are nature-inspired methods (artificial neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy systems), as well as probabilistic methods and reinforcement learning. After the course the students will be able to conceptually understand the important terms and algorithms of CI, and choose appropriate method(s) for a given task. The theoretical lectures are combined with the seminar where the important concepts will be discussed and practical examples will be shown. | The course objectives are to make the students familiar with basic principles of various computational methods of data processing that can commonly be called computational intelligence (CI). This includes mainly bottom-up approaches to solutions of (hard) problems based on various heuristics (soft computing), rather than exact approaches of traditional artificial intelligence based on logic (hard computing). Examples of CI are nature-inspired methods (artificial neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy systems), as well as probabilistic methods and reinforcement learning. After the course the students will be able to conceptually understand the important terms and algorithms of CI, and choose appropriate method(s) for a given task. The theoretical lectures are combined with the seminar where the important concepts will be discussed and practical examples will be shown. | ||

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− | <!--'''Exam:''' The list of questions is [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/ci-exam-questions.pdf here]. You will choose three questions (pseudo)randomly | + | <!--'''Exam:''' The list of questions is [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/ci-exam-questions.pdf here]. You will choose three questions (pseudo)randomly.--> |

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== Course schedule == | == Course schedule == | ||

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|- | |- | ||

|Lecture | |Lecture | ||

− | | | + | |Monday |

− | | | + | |9:00 - 10:30 |

− | | | + | |I-9 / in room |

|[[Igor Farkas|Igor Farkaš]] | |[[Igor Farkas|Igor Farkaš]] | ||

|- | |- | ||

|Seminar | |Seminar | ||

− | |Thursday | + | |Thursday |

− | | | + | |9:00 - 10:30 |

− | | | + | |i-9 / in room |

− | |[[Kristina Malinovska|Kristína Malinovská | + | |[[Kristina Malinovska|Kristína Malinovská]] |

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{| class="alternative table-responsive" | {| class="alternative table-responsive" | ||

− | ! | + | !week |

!Date | !Date | ||

!Topic | !Topic | ||

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|- | |- | ||

|1. | |1. | ||

− | | | + | |18.09. |

− | |What is computational intelligence, basic concepts, relation to artificial intelligence. | + | |What is computational intelligence, basic concepts, relation to artificial intelligence. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-def.pdf slides] |

− | |Craenen & Eiben (2003); [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_intelligence wikipedia]; R&N (2010), chap.1; | + | |Craenen & Eiben (2003); [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_intelligence wikipedia]; R&N (2010), chap.1; |

|- | |- | ||

|2. | |2. | ||

− | | | + | |25.09. |

− | | | + | |Properties of environments, taxonomy of artificial agents. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-agents.pdf slides] |

|R&N (2010), chap.2 | |R&N (2010), chap.2 | ||

|- | |- | ||

|3. | |3. | ||

− | | | + | |02.10. |

− | |Inductive learning via observations, decision trees. Model selection. | + | |Inductive learning via observations, decision trees. Model selection. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-learning.pdf slides] |

|R&N (2010), ch.18.1-3,18.6; Marsland (2015), ch.12 <!--[http://www.r2d3.us/visual-intro-to-machine-learning-part-1/ DT visualization], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDRbO9a6XPU DT in python], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2s3aJfRr9gE information entropy], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EuBBz3bI-aA bias-variance tradeoff]--> | |R&N (2010), ch.18.1-3,18.6; Marsland (2015), ch.12 <!--[http://www.r2d3.us/visual-intro-to-machine-learning-part-1/ DT visualization], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDRbO9a6XPU DT in python], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2s3aJfRr9gE information entropy], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EuBBz3bI-aA bias-variance tradeoff]--> | ||

|- | |- | ||

|4. | |4. | ||

− | | | + | |09.10. |

− | |Supervised learning in feedforward neural networks (perceptrons), pattern classification, | + | |Supervised learning in feedforward neural networks (perceptrons), pattern classification, regression. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-fwdnn.pdf slides] |

|R&N (2010), ch.18.2; Marsland (2015), ch.3-4, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.2-3 | |R&N (2010), ch.18.2; Marsland (2015), ch.3-4, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.2-3 | ||

|- | |- | ||

|5. | |5. | ||

− | | | + | |16.10. |

− | |Unsupervised (self-organizing) neural networks: feature extraction, data visualization. | + | |Unsupervised (self-organizing) neural networks: feature extraction, data visualization. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-unsup.pdf slides] |

|Marsland (2015), ch.14, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.4 | |Marsland (2015), ch.14, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.4 | ||

|- | |- | ||

|6. | |6. | ||

− | | | + | |23.10. |

− | |Probability theory. Bayes formula. Naive Bayes classifier. | + | |Probability theory. Bayes formula. Naive Bayes classifier. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-prob.pdf slides] |

− | |R&N (2010), ch.13,20.1-2 | + | |R&N (2010), ch.13,20.1-2 |

|- | |- | ||

|7. | |7. | ||

− | | | + | |30.10. |

− | |Probabilistic | + | |Probabilistic learning: Maximum A Posteriori learning, Maximum Likellihood |

− | | | + | |R&N (2010), ch.13,20.1-2 |

|- | |- | ||

|8. | |8. | ||

− | | | + | |06.11. |

− | | | + | |Q&As before mid-term |

− | | | + | |Thu: mid-term test |

|- | |- | ||

|9. | |9. | ||

− | | | + | |13.11. |

− | |Reinforcement learning | + | |Reinforcement learning I: basic principles and learning methods (TD-learning). Prediction problem. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-rl.pdf slides] |

− | |R&N (2010), ch.21. | + | |R&N (2010), ch.21.1-2. |

|- | |- | ||

|10. | |10. | ||

− | | | + | |20.11. |

− | | | + | |Reinforcement learning II (Q, SARSA), actor-critic, control problem, RL for continuous domains. |

− | | | + | |R&N (2010), ch.21.3-5. |

|- | |- | ||

|11. | |11. | ||

− | | | + | |27.11. |

− | |Fuzzy systems, fuzzy logic and reasoning. | + | |Fuzzy systems, fuzzy logic and reasoning. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-fuzzy.pdf slides] |

− | |Engelbrecht (2007), ch.20-21; Zadeh (2007) | + | |Engelbrecht (2007), ch.20-21; Zadeh (2007) |

|- | |- | ||

− | |12. | + | |11. |

− | | | + | |04.12. |

− | |Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI). <!--[http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-xai.4x.pdf slides] | + | |Evolutionary computation: basic concepts. [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-evol.pdf slides] |

+ | |Engelbrecht (2007), ch.8 | ||

+ | <!-- | ||

+ | |13. | ||

+ | |11.12. | ||

+ | |Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) + Revision of main concepts. <!--[http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/ci-xai.4x.pdf slides] | ||

|Barreto Arrieta A. et al. (2020) | |Barreto Arrieta A. et al. (2020) | ||

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|} | |} | ||

Note: Dates refer to lectures, seminars will be on day+3 each week. | Note: Dates refer to lectures, seminars will be on day+3 each week. | ||

== References == | == References == | ||

− | + | <!-- | |

* Barreto Arrieta A. et al. (2020). [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inffus.2019.12.012 Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI): Concepts, taxonomies, opportunities and challenges toward responsible AI]. Information Fusion, 58, pp. 82-115. | * Barreto Arrieta A. et al. (2020). [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inffus.2019.12.012 Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI): Concepts, taxonomies, opportunities and challenges toward responsible AI]. Information Fusion, 58, pp. 82-115. | ||

+ | --> | ||

* Craenen B., Eiben A. (2003): [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/craenen.ci.enc03.pdf Computational Intelligence]. In: Encyclopedia of Life Support Sciences, EOLSS Publishers Co. | * Craenen B., Eiben A. (2003): [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/craenen.ci.enc03.pdf Computational Intelligence]. In: Encyclopedia of Life Support Sciences, EOLSS Publishers Co. | ||

* Engelbrecht A. (2007). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/engelbrecht.comp-intel-intro.07.pdf Computational Intelligence: An Introduction] (2nd ed.), John Willey & Sons. | * Engelbrecht A. (2007). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/engelbrecht.comp-intel-intro.07.pdf Computational Intelligence: An Introduction] (2nd ed.), John Willey & Sons. | ||

* Russell S., Norwig P. (2010). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/russell-norvig.AI-modern-approach.3ed.2010.pdf Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach], (3rd ed.), Prentice Hall. Available in the faculty library. | * Russell S., Norwig P. (2010). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/russell-norvig.AI-modern-approach.3ed.2010.pdf Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach], (3rd ed.), Prentice Hall. Available in the faculty library. | ||

* Marsland S. (2015). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/marsland.machine-learning.2ed.2015.pdf Machine Learning: An Algorithmic Perspective], (2nd ed.), CRC Press. | * Marsland S. (2015). [http://dai.fmph.uniba.sk/courses/ICI/References/marsland.machine-learning.2ed.2015.pdf Machine Learning: An Algorithmic Perspective], (2nd ed.), CRC Press. | ||

− | + | <!--* Woergoetter F., Porr B. (2008). [http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Reinforcement_learning Reinforcement learning], Scholarpedia, 3(3):1448.--> | |

− | * Woergoetter F., Porr B. (2008). [http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Reinforcement_learning Reinforcement learning], Scholarpedia, 3(3):1448. | + | |

* Zadeh L. (2007). [http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Fuzzy_logic Fuzzy logic], Scholarpedia, 3(3):1766. | * Zadeh L. (2007). [http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Fuzzy_logic Fuzzy logic], Scholarpedia, 3(3):1766. | ||

== Course grading == | == Course grading == | ||

− | * Active participation during the lectures/exercises ( | + | * Active participation during the lectures/exercises (25%): 15 for lectures, 10 for exercises. Minimum 1/3 of points required. |

− | * Written mid-term test (30%). | + | * Homework (10%): weekly homework given and discussed at the exercises, usually solved by hand or via excel sheets (no programming necessary) |

− | * Final oral exam (30%): | + | * Written mid-term test (30%), covering topics of the first half of the semester. |

− | * Small final project (10%) = implementation of a small neural network (using an existing Python library) and writing a short report. Note: even without this, the student can still get maximum points if s/he has performed very actively. Deadline: | + | * Final written-oral exam (30%): We will discuss 3 randomly chosen (by a computer) questions that basically correspond to weekly topics during the semester. Minimum of 1/3 of all points required. |

+ | * Small final project (10%) = implementation of a small neural network (using an existing Python library) and writing a short report. Note: even without this, the student can still get maximum points if s/he has performed very actively. <b>Deadline: TBA</b> | ||

* <b>Overall grading:</b> A (>90%), B (>80%), C (>70%), D (>60%), E (>50%), Fx (otherwise). | * <b>Overall grading:</b> A (>90%), B (>80%), C (>70%), D (>60%), E (>50%), Fx (otherwise). |

## Latest revision as of 12:53, 3 December 2023

# Introduction to Computational Intelligence 2-IKVa-115/18

## Contents

The course objectives are to make the students familiar with basic principles of various computational methods of data processing that can commonly be called computational intelligence (CI). This includes mainly bottom-up approaches to solutions of (hard) problems based on various heuristics (soft computing), rather than exact approaches of traditional artificial intelligence based on logic (hard computing). Examples of CI are nature-inspired methods (artificial neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy systems), as well as probabilistic methods and reinforcement learning. After the course the students will be able to conceptually understand the important terms and algorithms of CI, and choose appropriate method(s) for a given task. The theoretical lectures are combined with the seminar where the important concepts will be discussed and practical examples will be shown.

## Course schedule

Type | Day | Time | Room | Lecturer |
---|---|---|---|---|

Lecture | Monday | 9:00 - 10:30 | I-9 / in room | Igor Farkaš |

Seminar | Thursday | 9:00 - 10:30 | i-9 / in room | Kristína Malinovská |

## Syllabus

week | Date | Topic | References |
---|---|---|---|

1. | 18.09. | What is computational intelligence, basic concepts, relation to artificial intelligence. slides | Craenen & Eiben (2003); wikipedia; R&N (2010), chap.1; |

2. | 25.09. | Properties of environments, taxonomy of artificial agents. slides | R&N (2010), chap.2 |

3. | 02.10. | Inductive learning via observations, decision trees. Model selection. slides | R&N (2010), ch.18.1-3,18.6; Marsland (2015), ch.12 |

4. | 09.10. | Supervised learning in feedforward neural networks (perceptrons), pattern classification, regression. slides | R&N (2010), ch.18.2; Marsland (2015), ch.3-4, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.2-3 |

5. | 16.10. | Unsupervised (self-organizing) neural networks: feature extraction, data visualization. slides | Marsland (2015), ch.14, Engelbrecht (2007), ch.4 |

6. | 23.10. | Probability theory. Bayes formula. Naive Bayes classifier. slides | R&N (2010), ch.13,20.1-2 |

7. | 30.10. | Probabilistic learning: Maximum A Posteriori learning, Maximum Likellihood | R&N (2010), ch.13,20.1-2 |

8. | 06.11. | Q&As before mid-term | Thu: mid-term test |

9. | 13.11. | Reinforcement learning I: basic principles and learning methods (TD-learning). Prediction problem. slides | R&N (2010), ch.21.1-2. |

10. | 20.11. | Reinforcement learning II (Q, SARSA), actor-critic, control problem, RL for continuous domains. | R&N (2010), ch.21.3-5. |

11. | 27.11. | Fuzzy systems, fuzzy logic and reasoning. slides | Engelbrecht (2007), ch.20-21; Zadeh (2007) |

11. | 04.12. | Evolutionary computation: basic concepts. slides | Engelbrecht (2007), ch.8 |

Note: Dates refer to lectures, seminars will be on day+3 each week.

## References

- Craenen B., Eiben A. (2003): Computational Intelligence. In: Encyclopedia of Life Support Sciences, EOLSS Publishers Co.
- Engelbrecht A. (2007). Computational Intelligence: An Introduction (2nd ed.), John Willey & Sons.
- Russell S., Norwig P. (2010). Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, (3rd ed.), Prentice Hall. Available in the faculty library.
- Marsland S. (2015). Machine Learning: An Algorithmic Perspective, (2nd ed.), CRC Press.
- Zadeh L. (2007). Fuzzy logic, Scholarpedia, 3(3):1766.

## Course grading

- Active participation during the lectures/exercises (25%): 15 for lectures, 10 for exercises. Minimum 1/3 of points required.
- Homework (10%): weekly homework given and discussed at the exercises, usually solved by hand or via excel sheets (no programming necessary)
- Written mid-term test (30%), covering topics of the first half of the semester.
- Final written-oral exam (30%): We will discuss 3 randomly chosen (by a computer) questions that basically correspond to weekly topics during the semester. Minimum of 1/3 of all points required.
- Small final project (10%) = implementation of a small neural network (using an existing Python library) and writing a short report. Note: even without this, the student can still get maximum points if s/he has performed very actively.
**Deadline: TBA** -
**Overall grading:**A (>90%), B (>80%), C (>70%), D (>60%), E (>50%), Fx (otherwise).