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== News ==
+
<!--== News ==
  
* Final paper due on the 13th May 2019
+
* Final paper due on the 13th May 2019-->
  
 
== Course schedule ==
 
== Course schedule ==
Line 25: Line 25:
 
|Lecture 2 / Seminar 1
 
|Lecture 2 / Seminar 1
 
|Monday
 
|Monday
|9:50 - 12:05
+
|9:50 - 12:20
|M-1
+
|I-8
|[http://ff.truni.sk/en/department-philosophy prof. PhDr. Silvia Gáliková, PhD.]  
+
|[http://ff.truni.sk/en/department-philosophy prof. PhDr. Silvia Tomášková (Gáliková), PhD.]  
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 35: Line 35:
 
!Date
 
!Date
 
!Topic
 
!Topic
 +
!References
 
|-
 
|-
|18.02.
+
|17.2.
|Philosophy of mind: history of problems, philosophy, science, medicine on the nature human mind.
+
|Introduction to course (terminology, main problems)
P. Churchland: Matter and Consciousness. Ch. 2 pp. 7-22 [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7NDE4MGZmNzUtNmVjNC00N2VkLTkxMjUtYzA5Nzc1YTQwNTA1/view here]
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
|25.02.
+
|24.2.
|Basic terminology, concepts: mind, consciousness, reason, mental states, subjectivity, mental causality, self etc.  
+
|Dualism (Descartes), criticism (Hobbes, Spinoza)
G. Ryle, The Concept of Mind, chapter I. “Descartes Myth”, pp 11-61. [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7YzIwMjg0MWUtYWYwZS00NGY1LTg1MTktMzU0M2RmMGJjOGEy/view here]
+
|♦ Descartes R. (1641): Meditations on First Philosophy. Meditation I, II.
 +
♦ Ryle G. (1949): Descarte's Myth. In: The Concept of Mind.  Chapter I. “Descartes Myth”.
 +
♦ Churchland P. (1988): Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind, Ch. 2 pp. 7-22.
 
|-
 
|-
|04.03.
+
|02.3.
|Taxonomy of approaches in the study on the nature of mind (dualism, identity theory, functionalism, naturalism).
+
|Behaviorism, arguments pro/contra, types of behaviorism.
GÁLIKOVÁ, S. (2013): An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Chapters 1-3.
+
|♦ Watson J. (1913): “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It”. Psychological Review, 20:158-77
 +
♦ Churchland P. (1988): Matter and Consciousness, pp. 23-25
 
|-
 
|-
|11.03.
+
|09.3.
|Substance dualism, property dualism, criticism (Descartes, cartesianism, criticism).
+
|Identity theories  (token, type)
R. Descartes, Meditations 1, 2 [https://bradleymurray.ca/texts/rene-descartes-meditations-on-first-philosophy-pdf-ouropenmedia.pdf here]
+
|♦ Smart J. (1959): “Sensations and Brain Processes”. The Philosophical Review, 68(2): 141-156.
 +
♦ Place U.T. (1956): „Is consciousness a brain process?“ British Journal of Psychology, 47:44-50.
 
|-
 
|-
|18.03.
+
|16.3.
|Identity theories (type, token), pro and contra arguments (Smart, Armstrong).
+
|Functionalism (thought experiments)
JJC Smart “Sensations and Brain Processes” [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7MDYwODZkZTItMjM0MS00MGI2LWEzOTAtNWUyNDA3M2RkNDI2/view here]
+
|♦ Putnam H. (1975): “The Nature of Mental States”. Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge University Press.
 +
♦ Turing A. (1950): “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”. In:  Mind, New Series, 59(236), pp. 433-460.
 +
♦ Searle J. (1980): “Minds, Brains, and Programs”. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 3:417-24.
 
|-
 
|-
|25.03.
+
|23.3.
|Behaviorism (Watson), functionalism (Putnam, Turing, Searle).
+
|Folk psychology (Churchland, Dennett)
J. Watson: “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It”. Psychological Review, 20,
+
|♦Churchland P. (1988) : “Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes”. Matter and Consciousness, 43-49.
158-177 Putnam “The nature of Mental States” [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7OTIwODIzZmUtOWM2MS00ZjhmLWJlZTItNzJkZmJjMDJjY2Qx/view here]
+
♦ Dennett D. (1987): “True Believers”, In: The Intentional Stance, MIT Press, 14-35.
 
|-
 
|-
|01.04.
+
|30.3.
|The concept and problem of consciousness, the hard problem (D. Chalmers), thought experiments.
+
|The problem of consciousness (how to write a philosophy paper)
D. Chalmers (1995): „Facing up to the problem of consciousness“.  
+
|♦ Chalmers D. (1995): „Facing up to the problem of consciousness“. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3), 200-219.
In: Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3), 200-219.  
+
♦ Noë A., Thompson E. (2004): Are There Neural Correlates of Consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol.11, No 1.
 
|-
 
|-
|08.04.
+
|06.4.
|Models and theories of conscious experience (Dennett, Searle, Baars).
+
|Naturalism versa irreducibilty of consciousness.
Dennett “True Believers” [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7MGZhYmMxMDYtYjVkOC00NzAzLWJjYTQtZWU1YjFjMjlmNzM5/view here]
+
|♦ Jackson, F. (1982): Epiphenomenal Qualia. In: Philosophical Quarterly, 32, 127–136.
Searle “Minds, brains and programs” [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9rTS5SzJ8e7NjQ4NWRjNzEtNGEwNS00MmU3LWI1ZGYtNWUyNTdkZTZmYzdh/view here]
+
♦ Nagel, T. (1974): What it is Like to be a Bat? In: Philosophical Review, 83, 435–450.
 
|-
 
|-
|15.04.
+
|20.4.
|On the nature of the Self, the problem of personal identity (Locke, Hume).
+
|The problem of free will (experimental research)
John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book 2, Chapter 27, “Identity and diversity”,  
+
|♦Weiskrantz L. (1989): “Some contributions of neuropsychology of vision and memory to the problem of consciousness”,  
pp 112-121. [https://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/locke1690book2.pdf here]
+
♦ Libet, B. (1999): Do We Have Free Will? In: Journal of Consciousness Studies , 6, No. 8–9, 47–57.
David Hume, Treatise of Human Nature, Book 1, Part 4, Chapter 6, “Personal Identity”, pp. 132-141.
+
[http://lf-oll.s3.amazonaws.com/titles/342/0213_Bk.pdf here]
+
 
|-
 
|-
|22.04.
+
|27.4.
|No class - Easter holidays
+
|Mind and consciousness in trouble (case studies)
 +
|♦ Sacks O. (1985): The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat. http://sajtichek.narod.ru/books/without_translation/wife_hat.pdf
 
|-
 
|-
|29.04.
+
|04.5.
|Impairments of mind and consciousness; novel methods and technologies in the study of states of consciousness (Weiskrantz, Churchland).  
+
|The problem of self and personal identity
L. Weiskrantz: “Some contributions of neuropsychology of vision and memory to the problem of
+
|♦ Locke J. Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book 2, Chapter 27, “Identity and diversity”, 112-121.
consciousness”. In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science.
+
♦ Hume D.: Treatise of Human Nature, Book 1, Part 4, Chap. 6, “Personal Identity”, 132-141.
Oxford University Press (1988).
+
 
|-
 
|-
|06.05.
+
|11.5.
|The problem of free will, volitional action (Libet, Metzinger).
+
|Summary - discussion on the nature of mind, a philosophical or/and scientific problem
Libet, B. (1999): Do We Have Free Will? In: Journal of Consciousness Studies , 6, No. 8–9, 47–57.  
+
|♦ Metzinger T. (2009): The Ego-tunnel. http://xenopraxis.net/readings/metzinger_egotunnel.pdf
|-
+
 
|13.05.
+
|Final discussion, debate on perspectives in explaining and understanding human mind.
+
 
|}
 
|}
 
== References ==
 
 
* BLOCK, N., FLANAGAN, O., GUZELDERE, G. (1996): The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical and Scientific Debates. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
 
* GÁLIKOVÁ, S. (2013): An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Trnava, FFTU.
 
* GÁLIKOVÁ, S. (2013): Philosophy of Consciousness. Towarzystwo Słowaków w Polsce.
 
* MASLIN, K., T. (2007): An Introduction to the Philosophy of mind. Cambridge, Polity.
 
* METZINGER, T.(2010):  The Ego Tunnel . New York, Basic Books.
 
* NAGEL, T. (1974): What it is Like to be a Bat? In: Philosophical Review, 83, 435–450.
 
* CHALMERS, D. (1996): The Conscious Mind. New York, Oxford University Press.
 
* DENNETT, D. (1991): Consciousness explained. Little, Brown.
 
* CHURCHLAND, P. M. (1995): The Engine of Reason, the Seat of the Soul. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
 
* G. RYLE (1949): The Concept of  Mind.  Routledge. London, New York.
 
* SEARLE, J. (1992): The Rediscovery of Mind. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
 
  
 
== Course grading ==
 
== Course grading ==
  
* Active participation at lectures/seminars, introductory presentations of seminar texts,  
+
* Active participation at lectures/seminars, introductory presentations of seminar texts, analysis of texts (20 points)
analysis of texts (20 points)
+
* Final exam: written final paper (80 points) on selected topic (see syllabus) – 14 400 characters (8 pages)
* Final exam: written final paper (80 points) on selected topic (see syllabus) –  
+
14 400 characters (8 pages)
+

Latest revision as of 10:39, 20 February 2020

Introduction to Philosophy of Mind 2-IKV-114


The main course objective is to provide students with an introduction to some of main topics in philosophy of mind. Students acquire knowledge of representative philosophical conceptions, theories and questions concerning the nature of human mind, such as: What is mind? What is the nature of consciousness and self? Is a scientific theory of conscious experience possible? Can we explain the subjective character of our inner lives? Students will also be acquainted with a variety of methods (theoretical, empirical, experimental) and main arguments, types of argumentation on selected problems, such as: mind/body problem, nature of self, mental causation, intentionality, subjectivity, reductionism, free will. Lectures are combined with text seminars in order to improve students´capacity to analyse critically and comment on original texts as well as to report on and defend their own opinions.

Course information sheet >


Course schedule

Type Day Time Room Lecturer
Lecture 2 / Seminar 1 Monday 9:50 - 12:20 I-8 prof. PhDr. Silvia Tomášková (Gáliková), PhD.

Syllabus

Date Topic References
17.2. Introduction to course (terminology, main problems)
24.2. Dualism (Descartes), criticism (Hobbes, Spinoza) ♦ Descartes R. (1641): Meditations on First Philosophy. Meditation I, II.

♦ Ryle G. (1949): Descarte's Myth. In: The Concept of Mind. Chapter I. “Descartes Myth”. ♦ Churchland P. (1988): Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind, Ch. 2 pp. 7-22.

02.3. Behaviorism, arguments pro/contra, types of behaviorism. ♦ Watson J. (1913): “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It”. Psychological Review, 20:158-77

♦ Churchland P. (1988): Matter and Consciousness, pp. 23-25

09.3. Identity theories (token, type) ♦ Smart J. (1959): “Sensations and Brain Processes”. The Philosophical Review, 68(2): 141-156.

♦ Place U.T. (1956): „Is consciousness a brain process?“ British Journal of Psychology, 47:44-50.

16.3. Functionalism (thought experiments) ♦ Putnam H. (1975): “The Nature of Mental States”. Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge University Press.

♦ Turing A. (1950): “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”. In: Mind, New Series, 59(236), pp. 433-460. ♦ Searle J. (1980): “Minds, Brains, and Programs”. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 3:417-24.

23.3. Folk psychology (Churchland, Dennett) ♦Churchland P. (1988) : “Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes”. Matter and Consciousness, 43-49.

♦ Dennett D. (1987): “True Believers”, In: The Intentional Stance, MIT Press, 14-35.

30.3. The problem of consciousness (how to write a philosophy paper) ♦ Chalmers D. (1995): „Facing up to the problem of consciousness“. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3), 200-219.

♦ Noë A., Thompson E. (2004): Are There Neural Correlates of Consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol.11, No 1.

06.4. Naturalism versa irreducibilty of consciousness. ♦ Jackson, F. (1982): Epiphenomenal Qualia. In: Philosophical Quarterly, 32, 127–136.

♦ Nagel, T. (1974): What it is Like to be a Bat? In: Philosophical Review, 83, 435–450.

20.4. The problem of free will (experimental research) ♦Weiskrantz L. (1989): “Some contributions of neuropsychology of vision and memory to the problem of consciousness”,

♦ Libet, B. (1999): Do We Have Free Will? In: Journal of Consciousness Studies , 6, No. 8–9, 47–57.

27.4. Mind and consciousness in trouble (case studies) ♦ Sacks O. (1985): The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat. http://sajtichek.narod.ru/books/without_translation/wife_hat.pdf
04.5. The problem of self and personal identity ♦ Locke J. Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book 2, Chapter 27, “Identity and diversity”, 112-121.

♦ Hume D.: Treatise of Human Nature, Book 1, Part 4, Chap. 6, “Personal Identity”, 132-141.

11.5. Summary - discussion on the nature of mind, a philosophical or/and scientific problem ♦ Metzinger T. (2009): The Ego-tunnel. http://xenopraxis.net/readings/metzinger_egotunnel.pdf

Course grading

  • Active participation at lectures/seminars, introductory presentations of seminar texts, analysis of texts (20 points)
  • Final exam: written final paper (80 points) on selected topic (see syllabus) – 14 400 characters (8 pages)