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\title{3. domáca úloha z predmetu 1-AIN-121 Matematika (1) ZS 2021/22}
\author{Ján Komara}
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\date{\today}
\maketitle
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\section*{1. príklad}
Nájdite obor pravdivosti výrokovej formy
\begin{align*}
2|x-1|+3 \leq |5-4x|
\end{align*}
definovanej nad oborom reálnych čísel. Dokážte, že vaše riešenie je správne.
\emph{Návod.}
V dôkaze využite tieto dve vlastnosti absolútnej hodnoty:
\begin{align}
\forall x \forall y (y \leq |x| & \leftrightarrow y \leq x \lor y \leq -x)
\label{lb}
\\
\forall x \forall y (|x| \leq y & \leftrightarrow x \leq y \land -x \leq y)
.
\label{ub}
\end{align}
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\subsection*{Riešenie 1. príkladu}
Táto časť obsahuje riešenie 1. príkladu.
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\section*{2. príklad}
Nech $a_n$ je postupnosť čísel definovaná vzťahom:
\begin{align*}
a_0 & = 0
\\
a_1 & = 0
\\
a_2 & = 2
\\
a_{n+3} & = 6 a_{n+2} - 11 a_{n+1} + 6 a_n
.
\end{align*}
Dokážte, že pre každé prirodzené číslo $n$ platí rovnosť
\begin{align*}
a_n = 3^n - 2^{n+1} + 1
.
\end{align*}
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\subsection*{Riešenie 2. príkladu}
Táto časť obsahuje riešenie 2. príkladu.
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